By Ernest Sosa, Matthias Steup, Jonathan Dancy
With approximately three hundred entries on key techniques, overview essays on crucial concerns, and self-profiles by way of top students, this better half is the main accomplished and up to date unmarried quantity reference consultant to epistemology.
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- comprises 20 new self-profiles by way of best epistemologists
- includes 10 new overview essays on valuable problems with epistemology
New to This Edition
- constructed from over 280 A-Z entries from major specialists which have been widely revised to deliver the amount updated, with many new and re-written entries reflecting advancements within the field
- contains a new part on evaluate essays on uncomplicated difficulties to introduce readers to the most concerns within the field
- contains new self-profile part with 20 entries by way of well known epistemologists
- Encyclopedic part broadly revised with new entries
The Wiley Advantage
- the main finished and updated unmarried quantity reference consultant to epistemology
- includes over 260 A-Z entries from best specialists which were widely revised to convey the quantity updated, with many new and re-written entries reflecting advancements within the field
- contains a new component to assessment essays on simple difficulties to introduce readers to the most matters within the field
- encompasses a new self-profile part with 20 entries by way of well known epistemologists
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Additional info for A Companion to Epistemology (2nd Edition)
So, on Stine’s tweak of RA, Closure holds good. Let us turn to some non-RA-based approaches to Closure which, like RA, are motivated by Dretskean intuitions about the apparent limitations of our justifying evidence for ordinary propositions like Z and H. 19 Cohen thinks that in general we lack evidence that justifies rejecting radical skeptical hypotheses such as SK. But he thinks that we can know ~SK given the non-evidential, a priori rationality of believing ~SK. 21 Klein agrees that my ordinary justifying evidence E for Z does not constitute an adequate source of justification for believing ~CD.
But if the teacher then goes on to mention the skeptical hypotheses, and changes the context, the ensuing discussion will not be about the view introduced at the beginning of class. This seems to be an incorrect analysis of the situation. Contextualists are not without possible responses to puzzles like these. To the latter claims, they may argue that skepticism is not a view about whether people have knowledge but instead a view about the truth value of sentences containing the word “knows”. They are not forced to say that “skepticism” inherits the context sensitivity of “knows”.
Cohen (1988, 1999) defends a fairly traditional evidentialist (good reasons, justificationist) account of knowledge. He holds that a person has knowledge only if the person has adequate reasons for his true belief. But how good one’s reasons have to be in order to be justified, and thus to know, varies. Lewis (1996: 554) defended the following account of knowledge: S knows that P iff S’s evidence eliminates every possibility in which not-P – Psst! – except for those possibilities that we are properly ignoring.