By John Divers
Attainable Worlds provides the 1st updated and accomplished exam of 1 of crucial subject matters in metaphysics. John Divers considers the wide-spread philosophical positions, together with realism, antirealism and the paintings of significant writers on attainable worlds resembling David Lewis, comparing them intimately.
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Additional info for Possible Worlds (The Problems of Philosophy)
Before leaving the topic of ontological applications, I note that ontological applications of PW tend to be completely overlooked in the antirealist literature. The antirealist literature is dominated by concern with the semantic and conceptual applications of PW. There is an obvious diagnosis of why that should be so. By resisting realism, the antirealist interpreter simply deprives herself of the ontological resources that are required to underpin the ontological applications of PW. 13 So antirealist interpreters have ignored or neglected ontological applications of PW because their interpretations aﬀord no such applications.
I presume that ordinary ﬁrst-order predicate logic will count as extensional if any logic does. 4) below) for a given modal logic or language then I presume that this will be enough to justify the use of the methods of ﬁrst-order predicate logic – and so, by hypothesis, extensional methods – in evaluating relevant modal inferences. Perhaps the provision of such a semantic theory might be presented as a victory for extensional analysis but, again, I would prefer to deal directly with the issue of whether, or to what extent, an interpretation of PW can deliver such a semantic theory.
There are further conditions that would naturally be thought necessary for any such explicit analysis to be successful – most notably, that the analysing biconditional should be analytic (hence necessary) and, perhaps, that some sort of priority should attach to the intended analysans. However, these considerations aside, there is one further point that merits emphasis if the role of PW in conceptual analysis is to be made clear. In the special case of (broadly) functional analysis a concept is presented as the concept that satisﬁes a certain higher-order description or, to put the point more naturally, as the concept of a property that plays a certain complex role.