By Karl Loewenstein (auth.)
Next to the Bible, Shakespeare, the French revolution and Napoleon, historical Rome is likely one of the so much plowed-through fields of ancient adventure. one of many actually nice classes of background, Rome, over the centuries, deservedly has attracted the passionate recognition of historians, philologists and, extra lately, archeologists. due to the fact Roman legislations constituted the resource of the criminal lifetime of such a lot of Western Europe, the criminal occupation had a valid curiosity. Veritable libraries were outfitted round the historical past of Rome. long ago confmed regularly to Italian, German, and French students the fascination with issues Roman via now has unfold to different civilized countries in cluding the Anglo-Saxon. one of the individuals to our wisdom of historical Rome are a few of the nice minds in heritage and legislations. Our bibliography - selective, as neces sarily it needs to be - documents remarkable generalists in addition to a few of the quite a few experts that have been important for our project. Why, then, one other research of the Roman political civilization and person who, at the very least measured by way of quantity and energy, isn't really altogether insubstantial? And why, needs to be further, one provided through an writer who, no matter what his attractiveness in different fields, ostensibly is an interloper of the classical self-discipline? those are valid questions that are meant to be in truth spoke back. by way of education and avocation the writer is a constitutional attorney or, particularly, a political scientist basically attracted to the operation of governmental institutions.
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Extra resources for The Governance of ROME
Religious crimes were automatically punished by the religious authorities. Of the sociopolitical institutions and techniques in the period of the mythological kings, relatively little appears definitely established. But for our context the preceding discussion has more than a merely antiquarian interest. " The oryntio is the unsorted or unorganized meeting, while comitium or comitia signifies the organiltionalframeforthe formal procedures ofvoting and electing; see on this subject, itifra pp. II3ff.
Nor is there any concrete evidence that the Etruscan monarchy was absolute. The Indo-Europeans' archetype of government was limited government. 13 Perhaps there is substance to the recent theory that the biological structure of the races contains subconsciously as a common patrimony certain archetypes or images of socio-political or religious impact. See, for example, Max Imboden, Die Staatiformen, Versuch einer ps)'chologischen Deutung staatsrechtlicher Dogmen (Basel and Stuttgart, 1959). 17 CHAPTER TWO THE CLASS STRUGGLE AND THE MERGER BETWEEN THE PATRICIANS AND THE PLEBEIANS I.
The economic center of gravity had shifted back to the landed aristocracy which also controlled the conquered land (ager publicus). Under the aristocratic rule the socioeconomic status of the plebeians deteriorated. The plebeian movement may have been predominantly urban although also people engaged in farming, exposed to increasing indebtedness and proletarianization, may have joined it. It is reasonable to assume that the plebeians also aimed at obtaining their proper part of the war booty and the lands acquired by conquest which to secure the plebs had contributed its full military share.